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Serbian Artists

The core-members of the group were the following: Marko Ristić, Dušan Matić, Aleksandar Vučo, Oskar Davičo, Đorđe Kostić, Stevan Živadinović (Vane Bor), Radojica Živanović Noe, Đorđe Jovanović, Koča Popović, Milan Dedinac, Mladen Dimitrijević (pseudonym of Dimitrije Dedinac), Petar Popović, and Branko Milovanović.

 

"Having acknowledged that between each and every of them there is, beyond and above all individual differences, a certain consent of intellects, and that a permanent secludedness separates them from all things around them that are passed for a life of intellect, the signatories, in the present conditions, have found it a necessity to underscore with particular accuracy what they all hold in common, as well as to engage in a more disciplined collective activity, for which each of them agrees to sacrifice the psychological side of his own “I”. They are resolved, even in the unfathomable dialectical moments of that very activity, to make the movement of their continual ideological and moral redefining constant and irreducible. This publication, the first jointly produced by them, represents only one visible moment in emphasising the issue of this redefining that we perceive as indispensable."

Signatories:

Aleksandar Vučo, Oskar Davičo, Milan Dedinac, Mladen Dimitrijević, Vane Živadinović – Bor, Živanović – Noe, Đorđe Jovanović, Đorđe Kostić, Dušan Matić, Branko Milovanović, Koča Popović, Petar Popović, Marko Ristić.

The opening statement to the magazine Nemoguće-L′impossible (Belgrade, 1930).

 

The pre-surrealist period, beginning with 1922, was marked by the individual work of the Serbian Surrealists. After the non-formal but nonetheless collaborative work in producing the journals Putevi and Svedočanstva, and also through the individual work, the need to formalise their collaboration gradually came to the fore.        

Đorđe Jovanović who, alongside Đorđe Kostić and Oskar Davičo, collaborated in Tragovi, suggested to Dušan Matić the possibility to launch a new magazine, where their shared activity would be able to manifest itself.     

 The founding meeting was held on November 30, 1929, in the building at 1 Zmaj Jovina St. (formerly 1 Knjeginje Ljubice St.), the residence to Aleksandar Vučo, who had an apartment at the first floor, and Marko Ristić, who lived two floors above. At the meeting in Vučo’s apartment matters discussed were the formation of a Surrealist group and the launch of a shared publication. According to the memories of those who took part in this event, Aleksandar Vučo, Đorđe Kostić, Marko Ristić, Oskar Davičo, Dušan Matić, and Đorđe Jovanović, attended the meeting, while Koča Popović and Milan Dedinac, both at the moment staying in Paris, gave their consent with the founding of the group.          

The core-members of the group were the following: Marko Ristić, Dušan Matić, Aleksandar Vučo, Oskar Davičo, Đorđe Kostić, Stevan Živadinović (Vane Bor), Radojica Živanović Noe, Đorđe Jovanović, Koča Popović, Milan Dedinac, Mladen Dimitrijević (pseudonym of Dimitrije Dedinac), Petar Popović, and Branko Milovanović.

Also, some of the wifes of the Surrealists were actively involved in the Surrealist activities, for instance, Ševa (Jelica) Ristić and Lula Vučo. Nikola Vučo was close to the Surrealist movement and, although he was not among the signatories of its manifesto-statement, the Surrealist publication often featured his works.        

The group is, then, joined by Salmon Moni de Buli, Risto Ratković, and Slobodan Kušić, but these split after a while. Slobodan Kušić participated in one example of collective automatic writing (“Čari automatizma ili Sedam minuta genijalnosti”). However, on March 8, 1930, he posted a letter to Marko Ristić, Dušan Matić, Aleksandar Vučo, Vane Živadinović, Đorđe Jovanović, where he writes about his disagreement with the group’s views. Although he responded positively to the questions of the inquiry preliminary to the group’s formation, Ljubiša Jocić also cancelled his further participation in the Surrealist activities. Apart from its members, outside the group there were several authors close to the movement, such as Rade Stojanović, Vladimir Habunek, Rastko Petrović, and others.                

With the release of the first Surrealist magazine, Nemoguće-L′impossible, in 1930, the movement’s manifesto reached the public, and the group was provided with its own official publication.         

After the release of separately published declaration Pozicija nadrealizma, Dimitrije Dedinac left the group, on the grounds of his dissent with its text, where the Surrealists made their stand in favour of the socialist revolution.

 The publication of the magazine Nadrealizam danas i ovde stoped after third issue released in 1932, which marks the end of the collective activity of the Serbian Surrealists. Oskar Davičo, Đorđe Jovanović, and Koča Popović, were detained, Moni de Buli (Monny de Boully in French orthography), moves to Paris, and Radojica Živanović Noe becomes a member of the artistic group Život in 1934. Thereby the group ceases to exist, but other Surrealists remain individually active in the following years.